Pastor Josh Combs
“The man called his wife’s name Eve…” Genesis 3:20
God came looking for Adam and his wife in Genesis chapter 3, but they were hiding. “Where are you?” God asked. “I was afraid,” Adam responded, “because I was naked, and I hid myself.” God then asked Adam, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” It is at this moment that Adam, who already made a terrible choice, makes another. Rather than accept responsibility, Adam blames both God and his bride. “The woman whom you gave to be with me,” he complains, “she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.” And just like that the spotlight of shame shines solely on the woman. She had been deceived by the serpent, who charged that God was holding something back from them. The woman had believed this lie, rebelled against God, and led her husband to do the same. She now stood before the Creator of the universe completely bare, covered only in a quickly assembled, shoddy fig-leaf loincloth and her overwhelming shame. She stood condemned and cursed for her sin.
In the midst of this guilty verdict, God’s grace and redemptive plan is previewed. Ironically, this glorious plan is prophesied in the very name change that occurs. In Genesis chapter 2, when God creates a partner for Adam and brings her to him, Adam states, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man” (verse 23). Her name is Woman, but after the fall, Adam changes her name. The Bible says, “The man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living” (Genesis 3:20). Woman, meaning “out of man,” was her original name. Eve means “life.” Adam had shamed his wife, whereas now, he honors her and the Lord.
God had pronounced that the offspring of the woman would be at war with the offspring of the serpent (Satan), and that the offspring of the Woman would conquer the enemy, crush the head of the serpent, and be the ruin of the devil and his kingdom. Adam changes his wife’s name to reflect his faith in God’s promised Savior. Bible commentator Matthew Henry wrote, Adam “called her Eve, that is, life. Adam bears the name of a dying body, Eve that of the living soul.” Eve, meaning “life,” was the symbol of hope—that from her would come the Savior of the world.
In 1 Timothy, Paul writes, “The woman was deceived and became a transgressor. Yet she will be saved through childbearing—if they continue in faith and love and holiness, with self- control” (verses 14-15). The promise is not eternal salvation if a woman bears children, but that each woman is a beautiful symbol of life and hope for the world. Jesus was the seed of the woman, who came “to destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8).
Today’s Bible Reading: Genesis chapters 1–3
Expositor’s Bible Commentary: “Her first named pointed to her origin (‘out of man’), whereas her second name pointed to her destiny (‘the mother of all the living’).”
Matthew Henry Commentary and Gills Commentary